After a lower court moved to prevent the Biden administration from implementing new immigration enforcement policies, the U.S. Supreme Court handed down a ruling on Thursday declining to overrule the decision.
The matter has not been put to rest, however, and the high court is set to revisit the case later this year.
The vote was her first as a Supreme Court justice.
In a 5-4 split decision, the minority indicated a desire to allow the White House to start enforcing its proposed immigration rules. In addition to Justices Elena Kagan, Sonia Sotomayor, and Amy Coney Barrett, the court’s newest member – Ketanji Brown Jackson – joined in the dissent.
The Supreme Court heard the case in response to an emergency request filed by the Department of Justice, which sought to override the lower court’s ruling that prevented federal authorities from prioritizing arrests, detentions, and deportations of undocumented immigrants believed to be the most dangerous.
The Biden administration’s proposal is similar to a Biden-era policy that was rescinded by the Trump administration and replaced with a stricter process.
In describing the directive last year, Department of Homeland Security Secretary Alejandro Mayorkas wrote: “The department’s personnel are to use their discretion and focus the department’s enforcement resources in a more targeted way.”